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Tuesday, 1 September 2009

National Anti Corruption Policy, 2nd Edition

We have managed to get our hands on the document. Many thanks to a good friend of the Zambian Economist whose tracked this down for us. I believe this is the only website that currently has the document!
Zambia National Anti Corruption Policy


  1. This MMD anti corruption policy is just toothless and does not effective legal ways to end corruption.It was poorly done without clear objectives and does not have any audience especially how to deal with political corruption in contracts and government institution.It does not anything new...Really MMD is directionless on Zambia. The MMD have no plan for Zambia. This toothless policy clearly demostrate that...How can it deal with Health ministry corruption? ITS TIME FOR MMD TO RETIRE..

  2. There seems to have been a deliberate effort by the authors of this NACP to produce a politically correct document. This is reflected in the first sentence of the Foreword signed by President Rupiah Banda – that is, "Corruption has been and still is a significant impediment to good governance in Zambia."

    As it is widely acknowledged, corruption is a consequence of poor governance, among other causes, and there is no symbiotic relationship between corruption and poor governance.

    Poor governance, as we know it, is governance that is characterized by the LACK of the following:

    (a) Transparency: Public access to information about the state, its decision-making mechanisms, and its current and contemplated projects and programs – except for state secrets and matters relating to public officials’ right to privacy.

    (b) Accountability: Availability of a mechanism for ensuring that individuals are directly and fully liable for the outcomes of their decisions and actions, and the appropriation of resources assigned to them.

    (c) Rule of Law: The existence of non-discriminatory laws and law enforcement organs of the government which are efficient, impartial, independent, and legitimate.

    (d) Citizen Participation: Availability of channels and mechanisms through which the citizenry and non-governmental institutions can – directly or through representation – have an influence on the behavior and actions of public officials. Important areas of participation may include the generation of decision-making processes, resource allocation and investment, the dispensation of public services, the selection and implementation of public projects and programs, and the creation of public institutions. And

    (e) Free Press: Existence of a free press to facilitate the exposure of unscrupulous activities in institutional settings.

    So, I do not see how corruption can affect these elements of good governance.

    The assessment concerning the apparent political correctness – and perhaps shallowness – of NACP is corroborated by the non-inclusion (in sub-section 2.1.8) of the following potential causes and/or bolsters of corruption: lack of political will in the fight against corruption, political instability, regular reshuffles of government leaders, an under-funded Anti-Corruption Commission, a weak legislative system, excessive discretionary presidential powers, bureaucratic red tape, and electoral malpractices resulting from "the PIG" (party and its government) phenomenon.

    Some of these factors, though, are cited elsewhere in the NACP.

    Besides, the NACP does not provide any specific and binding approaches to the fight against corruption, such as improvements in the salaries and benefits of civil servants, dismantling of public news media institutions, and so forth.

    Also, NACP will gather dust on the shelves due to the lack of an implementation schedule. There is a need for government leaders to avoid making open-ended policies and social contracts.


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