A recent Central Statistics Office (CSO) article reports a significant increase in violence against women between 2001 and 2007. Its not clear why violence should increase over the suggested period. I suspect this may well be the case of more women coming forward and being confident of reporting such violence, in which case there's a silver lining there.
Violence against women on the increase, CSO September 2009 Bulletin, Commentary :
The Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) conducted every four years, collects information on various social and health issues including violence against women. In the 2001/02 and 2007 surveys, respondents were asked whether they had experienced physical violence by a husband/partner or any other person in the 12 months prior to the surveys. Results from the surveys show that cases of violence against women in Zambia had increased.
The results show that the proportion of women who reported having experienced physical violence in the 12 months prior to the surveys increased from 23 percent in 2001/2 to 33 percent in 2007. The increase was observed in all age groups apart from the age group 15-19 years.
The results further show that cases on the violence against women increased by almost the same proportions in both rural and urban areas (10 percentage points in urban areas and 9 percentage points in rural areas, respectively).
At provincial level, Luapula recorded the highest increase in the proportion of women who reported having experienced physical violence in the 12 months prior to the surveys with 25 percentage points. This was followed by North-Western Province with 22 percentage points. Western province recorded the lowest increase with 1 percentage point.
(click charts to enlarge)